​Bauhinia monandra

COMMON NAME

Butterfly Flower, Mariposa, Napoleon's Plume

TYPE

​Tree

FAMILY

Fabaceae

NOTES

Small tree, usually reaching about 3 - 7 m tall, sometimes up to 15 m. Butterfly-shaped (sub-cordate) leaves, simple and alternate arrangement.  The tree is widely grown as an ornamental in the tropics, valued especially for its often continuous flowering display. Bauhinias were named in honor of the brothers Bauhin, Swiss botanists of the 16th-17th century. Their characteristic twin lobed leaves give them a definite tropical look. The species name 'monandra' refers to the fact that they have only one stamen.

GEOGRAPHIC REGION

Native to Madagascar. It has been widely cultivated as an ornamental and is now naturalized in Africa, Asia, Australia, North, Central and South America, the West Indies and on islands in the Pacific Ocean.

NATIVE HABITAT

From evergreen lowland rain forest to mountain forest and savanna, scrub and dry deciduous forest to swamp forest on various soils.

WEB SOURCES

tropical.theferns.info

nparks.gov.sg



Bauhinia monandra