Cibotium menziesii

COMMON NAME

Hawaiian Tree Fern or  hāpuʻu ʻiʻi

TYPE

Fern

FAMILY

Cibotiaceae

NOTES

Hawai'i's largest tree fern. It can reach 35 feet in height, but often grows only 7 to 25 feet tall. The trunk can be up to 2 1/2 feet in diameter. The fronds arch and can grow as long as 12 feet. The fronds of Cibotium menziesii are smooth and slightly paler underneath with yellowish midribs. They are singly divided, but the divisions are lobed. Soft, brown hairs cover the young fronds, but upper parts of the frond stalks are covered with stiff, black hairs. The pulu, the soft woolly material around the base of the fronds, was used by Hawaiians up to the mid-1800s for dressing wounds, embalming bodies, and for pillow and mattress stuffin..  Wild pigs (puaʻa) have had a severe effect on hāpuʻu populations in some areas, eating the entire starchy inner core thus destroying the plants

GEOGRAPHIC REGION

Endemic to the Hawaiian Island

NATIVE HABITAT

Occurs in mesic to wet forests from 820 to nearly 4600 feet.

WEB SOURCES

https://www2.hawaii.edu/~eherring/hawnprop/cib-menz.htm

http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/view/Cibotium_menziesii

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cibotium_menziesii