Plinia cauliflora

COMMON NAME

Jabuticaba or Brazilian grape tree

TYPE

Tree

FAMILY

Myrtaceae

NOTES

A tropical to subtropical evergreen tree or large shrub that bears edible, thick-skinned, grape-like purple fruits with a sweet, juicy, gelatinous, white pulp. It is a cauliflorous (flowers and fruits grow directly from the trunks and large branches) member of the myrtle family. It typically grows to 10-25' tall with a dense, bushy, rounded form. Yellowish-white flowers emerge in clusters on the trunks and branches. Flowers are followed by globose purple fruits (average 1" diameter) that appear singly or in clusters. Trees may flower and fruit multiple times throughout the year (up to 5-6 times per year in native Brazil). Fruit is edible fresh off the tree (pinch each fruit between thumb and forefinger to squeeze out the flavorful pulp without eating the skin which is edible but high in tannin). Fruits are sometimes made into marmalades, jellies and wine.

GEOGRAPHIC REGION

Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru and Bolivia

NATIVE HABITAT

Native to the hilly region around Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais

WEB SOURCES

wikipedia.org

missouribotanicalgarden.org

florawww.eeb.uconn.edu